Motherhood! You’d think we humans would have it figured out after 200,000 years as a species. Apparently not. While my mother certainly raised a perfect human specimen, thank you very much, TIME magazine’s latest cover (and the bemused, baffled, bewildered responses to it) indicates that questions about what it means to be a “good mom” are still feeding our cultural anxieties.
(Or should I say, they’re still breastfeeding our cultural anxieties? But maybe that’s a bit much.)
The point is that TIME’s lead story on “attachment parenting,” Dr. Bill Sears, and his devotees liked the pictured mother and son in “Are You Mom Enough?” has already stirred up controversy and brought moms and motherhood back into public discourse–if, indeed, these topics ever really left us.
In the United States today, the majority of women work. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics:
In 2010, there were 123 million women in the civilian noninstitutional population, and of this number 72 million, or 58.6 percent, were in the labor force—that is, classified as either employed or unemployed.
Women’s labor force participation is significantly higher today than it was in the 1970s. Women’s labor force participation rate peaked at 60.0 percent in 1999, following several decades in which women increasingly participated in the labor market.
An even greater percentage of American mothers is working also. Again from the BLS:
The labor force participation rate–the percent of the population working or looking for work–for all mothers with children under 18 was 70.6 percent in 2011.
Cool? I tend to think so. My mom worked full-time from the time I was seven or thereabouts (who can remember anything before the millennium anyway? Didn’t Y2K wipe out all those records?), and I don’t think my sisters and I can complain about much from our childhoods. Except maybe that our mother did indeed dress a bit like the working women in this old video that we still own on VHS out among the garage spiders somewhere (though I will add that you would never see her wearing loafers with a suit. It was heels or bust).
And surprisingly for one of my rambling posts, this video is more than a trip down memory lane–watching it now, I wonder why it is that there isn’t a corresponding video called “My Daddy Comes Back” or something. Is it really so much scarier for children when mommy goes to work than when dad does? Or is it us, the grown-up video-makers and video-buyers and song-writers and blog-ramblers, that continue to perpetuate that baby’s going to cry only or especially when mom heads off to the office for the day?
Whatever came first, the chicken or the ovum, it certainly seems that working mothers are taking on the burden of this cultural anxiety. As I understand it, “attachment parenting,” the subject of TIME’s lead story, is a method of child-rearing with the aim of creating a secure bond (or attachment) between parent and child. Because of the emphasis breastfeeding as one method of fostering that bond, AP proponents especially stress the relationship between mother and child. And “stress” may be exactly the right word.
Reading about AP theory, I followed a hyperlink trail to Judith Warner’s book, Perfect Madness: Motherhood in the Age of Anxiety. In the book, Warner discusses the toll and burden that cultural expectations of mothers place on working and non-working moms alike:
Many women of the post-Baby Boom generation simply weren’t prepared to contemplate these kinds of choices. They didn’t realize just how bad the incompatibility would be between the total freedom of their youth and the culture of total motherhood they’d encounter once they had children.
So while more women are working and more mothers are working women, the pressures that puts on modern women go largely unexplored. As Warner says, parenthetically:
Happiness has never ranked high as a feminist political goal.
I’m hardly qualified to expound on my own theories of parenting (even if I had some, which I don’t), but as a woman who wants a career and may want children some day, I just want to ask: Shouldn’t it be?
The seeming impossibility of a woman “having it all” is a running joke on tv shows like 30 Rock (with Tina Fey’s career-oriented yet kind of baby-obsessed Liz Lemon). Just last month the April 19 episode was titled “Murphy Brown Lied to Us.”
I guess I can’t be too surprised. If the Venus of Willendorf is any indication, even people of the Upper Paleolithic had their own ideas about the feminine ideal. And I can’t imagine it was any easier for women then.
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